Sharable Content Object Reference Model (SCORM), a technical specification for web based training, was developed by the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), applying the best knowledge from specifications and standards organizations around the world.  The DoD and it's partner's initiated a project called the Advanced Distributed Learning (ADL) initiative to ensure that all branches of the U.S. military use, exchange, manage, track, and re-use their learning technologies, content, and data, regardless of the source or application.

   SCORM emerged as a reference module to be used by ADL partners and by vendors wanting to sell their online learning courses, learning and content management systems, and content creation tools.

   The ADL SCORM -- a unified set of core specifications and standards for web based training content, technologies, and services -- has emerged as the standard for learning content in the eLearning industry.

   SCORM compliant constructed courses are re-usable learning objects that offer greater efficiency and cost-effectiveness by :

 -- Reusableeasily modified and  used with different development tools

 -- Accessablecan be searched and made available as needed by both learners and content developers

 -- Interoperablecapable of operating across a wide variety of hardware, operating systems, and web browsers

 -- Durable : does not require significant modifications with new versions of system software








 (Macromedia White Paper, 2002)

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